University of Minnesota
MICaB Graduate Program
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MICaB Ph.D. Program

How is basic biological and biomedical research done?

  • Micro-version: A scientist formulates a non-trivial hypothesis with biological significance and then designs and performs well-controlled experiments to test the hypothesis.

  • Midi-version: The Science Cycle – remove any component and the cycle collapses. Ideas fuel the cycle. Words in parentheses are the equivalents in business.

  • Macro-version: How science progresses.




Our Address

Microbiology, Immunology & Cancer Biology Ph.D. Graduate Program

University of Minnesota
689 23rd Ave SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455